Disaster Management: DRR, Response & Recovery
DCH has a large experience to work disaster risk reduction and management both in nationally and internationally. Nationally DCH provide health service and implement rehabilitation programme during and post disaster like building collapse, cyclone, tornado and flood and internationally it provided health service and training during earthquake in Pakistan in 2005. DCH successfully responded to the SIDR 2007 with affected people on Health, Shelter and Safe Water and Sanitation aspect.
About 200,000 villagers of 340 villages were benefited from DCH disaster management programme. At present DCH is working on manmade disaster like factory building collapse and industrial fire. So DCH is implementing Factory Safety Programme on health safety issues in 21 factories. About 20,000 workers are getting direct benefit. DCH also worked biggest manmade disaster like arsenic contamination of drinking water putting 90 million people at risk and WHO prediction of yearly 200,000 people getting cancer from drinking water, DCH is working on sustainable arsenic mitigation program, and DRR on arsenic contamination, sustainable community based health care program, and most of all working as the leading agency to highlight the arsenic poisoning that affects 80 million people in Bangladesh. DCH has also implemented disaster preparedness programme in coastal areas of Bangladesh. In addition DCH has implemented the following programme on disaster management programme:
- Distribution of essential non-food items and safe drinking water to SIDR affected families in the selected Upazilas of Bagerhat, Barisal and Patuakhali districts
Supported by: UNDP
Dhaka Community Hospital, immediately after the cyclone conducted a rapid needs assessment in the affected areas. Information were collected from national and local disaster control rooms, electronic print media, interviews with local administrations, civil society and community and direct observation in the areas. Standard UNDP formats were used to collect information in this regard. The specific objectives of this projects- to identify cyclone affected families in selected upazillas of Bagerhat, Barisal and Patuakhali district for distribution of essential house hold materials in collaboration with local disaster management committee and community, to distribute a package of essential materials to identified families to help restore their normal living. The distributed materials as follows:
Blanket, shawl for women, sweater for men, sweater for children , mesquite net, soap (landry & bath) , kitchen utensil, sharee, lunge, towel, candle, Water, match lighter tripol etc
- Shelter rebuilding and reconstruction:
Supported by UNDP
Dhaka Community Hospital worked with UNDP to serve the poorest people (especially given more emphasis on women headed families) affected by SIDR 2007 in remote areas of Bangladesh. Under this project, DCH re-built 1,200 (One Thousand and Two Hundred) destroyed/damaged houses, which were severely affected by SIDR. Two (2) upazila e.g. Golachipa and Kalapara under Patuakhali district were included in this programme. DCH recognized a real teamwork between DCH, UNDP and an effective collaboration with government administration and disaster management departments. DCH responded very quickly to UNDP’s request, as serving poorest people at their time of need is the guiding principle of Dhaka Community Hospital.
DCH field worker tested all 43,000 tube well of 558 village of Laksham Upazila and identified 2302 arsenicosis patients by screening 625,320 people of 92300 families of those villages. 800 health worker, supervisor and doctors were employed for the project activities. Major activities of the project were; coordinated with different organizations including local government, NGOs, monitoring all field activities and training workshop, awareness building through workshop, orientation, village meeting and house hold visits etc, Arsenic Committee formation at Upazila, Union, Word and Village, Community mobilization, Testing , Making and mapping of all the tube well and other groundwater sources, Patient identification and management, Patients counseling, data analysis and reporting.
The projects objectives:
- To identify severely SIDR affected shelter destroyed/damaged families for protection them from natural disasters • To provide effective and efficient humanitarian assistance to the identified SIDR affected families, • To rebuild and reconstruct for the identified families’ shelter using quality of construction materials in order to maintain ecological balance, reduction of illness and to return them into their stable livelihood through a comprehensive needs assessment involving local community, • To ensure local community participation in beneficiaries selection and reconstruction of identified families’ shelter, • To build up local community’s capacity regarding pre and post disaster preparedness program through massively conduction of health education and • To establish effective coordination mechanism with the local community as well as members of disaster management committees at different level (upazila to union level) including introducing new techniques for family shelter for the local community at the remote areas.
- Rapid community restoration work (cash for work)
Supported by: UNDP
DCH has developed of arsenic management protocol under the Jointly funded by UNICEF- Bangladesh, United Nation Foundation (UNF)- USA and World Health Organization (WHO)- Dhaka. DCH has screened all the family members of 1007 villages to identify the arsenicosis patients. About 1.3 million populations of 210,000 families have been screened. Biological samples (Blood, Urine, Nail and Hair and Skin) of all 669 patients (and 15% control) have been tested and developed patient database. 40 trained doctor and 40 trained health workers were involved for these activities.
DCH has worked in the SIDR affected areas from the very beginning to respond to emergency situation. DCH in partnership with UNDP has been successfully providing services to SIDR affected areas. DCH has a long term development programme commitment in these areas. It aims through cash for work initiative to provided debris clearing service for the community by the community paving the way for opening access routes and infrastructural reconstruction to commence.
The activities concentrated in one of the most affected areas of the cyclone namely Bagerhat and target 2300 families to provide employment for at least one person for one month, thus generating 70,000 person days of work in the district under intervention. The specific objectives of the intervention were-To provide income generating opportunities, to clear debris from access routes and properties, to pave the way for infrastructure rebuilding to commence. The community restoration work (cash for work) was primarily include village approach repairing, dressing, repairing of culvert, drains, sand filling of the low areas, pond cleaning, removal of debris from public places etc. The actual intervention was finalized in consultation with the community and the local Disaster Management Committee.
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