Disaster Management: DRR, Response & Recovery

DCH worked selflessly to mitigate suffering of affected people during natural calamities like  famine of 1988; flood in 1988, 1990, 1995,1998 and 2004; cyclone and tidal bores of 1988, 1994, 1997; Tornado in 1989, 1996. DCH worked on earthquake in Pakistan in 2005. DCH successfully responses to the Cyclone and Sea-water singe (SIDR) 2007 affected people when DCH team actively participated to provide Shelter and Safe Water and Health support in collaboration with UNDP, CARE and Mercy Malaysia. About 200,000 villagers of 340 villages were benefited from DCH disaster management programme. At present DCH is working on manmade disaster like factory building collapse and industrial fire. So DCH is implementing Factory Safety Programme on health safety issues in 21 factories. About 20,000 workers are getting direct benefit.  DCH also worked biggest manmade disaster since cheranobole, arsenic contamination of drinking water putting 90 million people at risk and WHO prediction of yearly 200,000 people getting cancer from drinking water, DCH is working on sustainable arsenic mitigation program, and DRR on arsenic contamination, sustainable community based health care program, and most of all working as the leading agency to highlight the arsenic poisoning that affects 80 million people in Bangladesh. DCH has also implemented disaster preparedness programme in coastal areas of Bangladesh. In addition DCH has implemented the following programme on disaster management programme:

1. Distribution of essential non-food items and safe drinking water to SIDR affected families in the selected Upazilas of Bagerhat, Barisal and Patuakhali districts

Supported by: UNDP

Dhaka Community Hospital, immediately after the cyclone conducted a rapid needs assessment in the affected areas. Information were collected from national and local disaster control rooms, electronic print media, interviews with local administrations, civil society and community and direct observation in the areas. Standard UNDP formats were used to collect information in this regard.  The specific objectives of this projects- to identify  cyclone affected families in selected upazillas of Bagerhat, Barisal and Patuakhali district for distribution of essential house hold materials in collaboration with local disaster management committee and community, to distribute a package of essential materials to  identified families to help restore their normal living.

The distributed materials as follows : Blanket, shawl for women, sweater for men, sweater for children , mesquite net, soap (landry & bath) , kitchen utensil, sharee, lunge, towel, candle, Water,   match lighter tripol  etc

2. ‘Shelter rebuilding and reconstruction’

       Supported by UNDP

Dhaka Community Hospital has been working with UNDP to serve the poorest people (especially given more emphasis on women headed families) affected by SIDR 2007 in remote areas of Bangladesh. Under this project, DCH has re-built up 1,200 (One Thousand and Two Hundred) destroyed/damaged houses, which were severely affected by SIDR. There are working at two (2) upazilas, which are: Golachipa and Kalapara. Both of them are under in Patuakhali district.

 DCH recognized a real teamwork between DCH, UNDP and an effective collaboration with government administration and disaster management departments. DCH responds very quickly to UNDP’s request, as serving poorest people at their time of need is the guiding principle of Dhaka Community Hospital. The projects objectives:

To identify severely SIDR affected shelter destroyed/damaged families for protection them from natural disasters, to provide effective and efficient humanitarian assistance to the identified SIDR affected families, to rebuild and reconstruct for the identified families’ shelter using quality of construction materials in order to maintain ecological balance, reduction of illness and to return them into their stable livelihood through a comprehensive needs assessment involving local community, to ensure local community participation in beneficiaries selection and reconstruction of identified families’ shelter, to build up local community’s capacity regarding pre and post disaster preparedness program through massively conduction of health education and to establish effective coordination mechanism with the local community as well as members of disaster management committees at different level (upazila to union level) including introducing new techniques for family shelter for the local community at the remote areas .

3. Rapid community restoration work (cash for work)

 Supported by: UNDP

DCH  has been working in the SIDR affected areas from the very beginning to respond to emergency situation. DCH in partnership with UNDP has been successfully providing services to SIDR affected areas. DCH has a long term development programme commitment in these areas.

It aims through cash for work initiative to provided debris clearing service for the community by the community paving the way for opening access routes and infrastructural reconstruction to commence. The activities concentrated in one of the most affected areas of the cyclone namely Bagerhat and target 2300 families to provide employment for at least one person for one month, thus generating 70,000 person days of work in the district under intervention. The specific objectives of the intervention were-To provide income generating opportunities, to clear debris from access routes and properties, to pave the way for infrastructure rebuilding to commence

The community restoration work (cash for work) was primarily include village approach repairing, dressing, repairing of culvert, drains, sand filling of the low areas, pond cleaning, removal of debris from public places etc. The actual intervention was finalized in consultation with the community and the local Disaster Management Committee.

4. Emergency Flood Response project – 2007

      Supported by Canadian CIDA

Dhaka Community Hospital has worked with CIDA to serve the poorest people affected by flood 2007 in remote areas of Bangladesh. DCH recognizes that it was a real teamwork between DCH, CIDA and an effective collaboration with government administration and health departments.

The main goal was to alleviate the sufferings of the most vulnerable people and children and flood affected families by providing life-sustaining necessities.

The Objectives: to provide emergency food, medicine, and water purification tablet, cloths, Books & school material support to the affected people and children, rapid diagnosis of the waterborne and communicable diseases both at the individual and community levels, to provide counseling supports to the women and adolescents especially who are pregnant, lactating mother and victims of violence, to provide treatment and prevent diarrheal disease and other associated communicable diseases.

According to DER initial reports as of 7th August’07 and District Disaster Management Committee report, the flood affected 5190 families in 33 villages of 6 unions under Sujanagor Upazilla and 2638 families in 114 villages of 8 unions under Bera Upazila of Pabna district. On the other hand 115 villages in 14 unions and total 3897 families of Sirajdhikhan Upazilla in Munshigonj district was affected by the flood. An estimated more than 4 lakh population in Pabna district and1 million hectares of farmland was under water. Dhaka Community Hospital initiated immediate relief and medical assistance in Bera Upazilla in Pabna and Sirajdhikhan Upazila in Munshigonj districts with its limited resource. The assessments concluded that there was an urgent need to provide food, non-food and medical assistance to the affected populations in areas of the affected districts. Most of the affected people identified food as a top priority. A need for some non-food items (i.e. basic clothing – saree, lunghi) was also expressed, as was immediate primary health care and shelter construction material and tools.

5. ‘Post Flood Rehabilitation Of Water Supply And Sanitation System In

The Districts affected By 2004 Flood

Supported By: UNICEF-DPHE

Dhaka Community Hospital implemented the project entitled Post Flood

Rehabilitation Of Water Supply And Sanitation System In The Districts Affected

By 2004 Flood (GoB –UNICEF)  Supported By UNICEF-DPHE.

The project aim wasto develop community based flood preparedness programs to reduce health burden and damage of flood in flood prone areas.

The objectives were to educate the people within the flood prone areas to enable to take appropriate measures and practices proper sanitary & hygienic methods themselves to tackle problems caused by flood, post flood prevention of water borne and sanitation related diseases, develop awareness of skill among the affected population for establishing sustainable and effective community water and sanitation services during future flood, enrolling the people in planning, implementation, operation and maintenance of the community facilities and knowledge of local resource mobilization during flood

Major Activities include:Coordination Meeting At District (EE, DPHE office) and Upazila level (UNO Office), training Of trainers (TOT), arrange Orientation Training on Communication & Public Health Education [Target Participant Per Upazila: 1 SAE & 2 CM; Each Batch: 30 person from 10 Upazilas, awareness Campaigning: Courtyard meeting, Classroom lecture & Leaflet Distribution, site Selection: Water Sealed and Community Latrine, Water Sealed Latrine Construction (38-40 per Upazila) and Monitoring

6. Risk Management Framework in Local Disaster Risk Reduction Action Plan (LDRRAP)

 Supported by United Nation Development Programme (UNDP), DFID & Ministry of Food and Disaster Management (MoFDM)-Government of Bangladesh.

Major Tasks of the project is to equip Disaster Management Committees at union level to develop, support, operationally effective Local Disaster Risk Reduction Action Plans (LDRRAP) to significantly reduce the vulnerability of the community from the natural hazards, to educate the people within the disaster prone areas to enable to take appropriate measures and practices proper Local Risk Reduction Action Plan (LDRRAP) themselves to tackle problems caused by Cyclones, storm surges, floods etc, Post Disaster (flood) prevention of water borne and sanitation related diseases, to develop awareness of skill among the disaster-affected population for establishing sustainable and effective Local Risk Reduction Action Plan (LDRRAP) during future Cyclones, storm surges, floods etc, Enrolling the people in planning, implementation, operation and maintenance of the community facilities and knowledge of local resource mobilization during disaster & post disaster and coordination with different stakeholders including Ministry of GoB.

7. ADRRN:

The Asian Disaster Reduction & Response Network (ADRRN) is a network consists of 35 national NGOs from 15 countries across the Asia-Pacific region. With a strong footprint in the region, the network members are constantly engaged with local communities strengthening their ability to combat disasters, providing humanitarian aid like food, water, shelter and health care, protecting critical facilities like schools and hospitals, creating awareness, advocating for policy changes and improving the capacity of community based organizations. DCH is working on disaster Risk Response in collaboration with ADRRN like Cyclone, Capacity building on DRR, exchange program, Factory safety program etc.