Report for International Symposium
Disaster Risk Management (DRM) and Sustainable Emergency Health Care – Role of Community and Private Sector
Hotel InterContinental, Dhaka, Bangladesh
21 March 2019
Establish Sustainable Disaster Management Network to Co-Ordinate Private Sector, Civil Society and Local Government As Well As to Buildup Capacity for Integrated Disaster Preparedness and Reduction in Bangladesh
BACKGROUND Bangladesh is a developing country with highest density of population with most dynamic, resourceful and disaster prone areas in the world. The total area of Bangladesh is about 147000 Sq. Km with a population of 160 million (1088 people per square kilometer). It is situated in the south East Asia. For the geographical reason this country is affect by many kinds of disaster like Cyclone, Tornado, Flood, Too Hot during the Summer, Suddenly Heavy Rain Fall, Building Collapse and Industrial safety hazards etc. Very often a huge number of damages are occurring for several kinds of disaster. Many expertise are mentioning that these calamities are happening very often due to Climate Changes and Unplanned Urbanization and Industrialization. The international community has committed and pledged for a safer world by putting priorities in better understanding and investing in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) for the improvement of resiliency in disaster, strengthening the governance and strategies for of disaster management and enhancing disaster preparedness for more effective response – these were stated within The 2015 – 2030 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The Asia Pacific Alliance for Disaster Management (A-PAD) which was established in 2012 as stakeholder forum within Asia Pacific region which has a mission to promote better cooperation and understanding between government agencies, private-sectors and civil society organizations. The event will give opportunity to A-PAD member countries to share knowledge, experiences and good practices in various initiatives of public-private partnership for Disaster Risk Reduction Management. The A-PAD member countries are from Japan, Korea, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Philippines and Indonesia. The symposium will also cover discussion on future framework for public private partnership and Community Involvement in Sustainable Disaster Management
OF THE SYMPOSIUM To establish multi-sectoral platform of A-PAD Bangladesh for Disaster Risk Management (DRM) at national level and strengthening the local community resiliency and the provision of effective and efficient coordination among relevant organizations and private sectors;
and to ensure comprehensive participation and support of NGO,School Teacher, Local Community, private organizations, business groups and government agencies by sharing disaster management experiences and good practices and case study in Bangladesh and other parts of Asia. Good practices will be internationally disseminated and lessons learned in Asia will be shared on disaster management so that ties will be strengthened with both domestic and international partner organizations to enable a mutual-support system beyond the Asia-Pacific region.
OBJECTIVES *To establish a Disaster Risk Reduction Network among various stakeholders, gathering knowledge and sharing information on disaster management strategies. *To share experiences, good practices, lessons learned challenges and solutions among National Platforms (international and local) on multi-sectoral collaboration, strengthening community resiliency and effective humanitarian response.
PARTICIPANTS More than 200 participants from the A-PAD International and Local Platforms from member countries, Government, UN, Universities, partners, NGO, School Teachers and private sector,Local Community from the four division Sylhet, Chottogram, Khulna and Barishal representatives gathered in the Symposium (Annexes 1).
*Chief Guest Asaduzzaman Khan, MP, Honorable Minister, Ministry of Home Affairs, Bangladesh
*Key Note by Mr. Takeshi Ito, Minister, Embassy of Japan to Bangladesh
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SYMPOSIUM Community Initiative Society in collaboration with A-PAD MO organized an International Symposium on Disaster Risk Management (DRM) and Sustainable Emergency Health Care – Role of Community and Private Sector. Before the symposium the international participants visited CIS field area in Cox’s Bazar on 20 March 2019. During the field visit the local community and beneficiaries shared their experience and knowledge on disaster manager with all the participants. The International Symposium was started with Bangladesh National Anthem on 21 March 2019 at morning in Dhaka. Inaugural session also been held with chair of guests, their introductory speech and activities related to disaster management. Prof. Mahmudur Rahman, Coordinator, DCHT gave warm welcome to everyone by his welcome address. Bangladesh is a developing country with highest density of population with most dynamic, resourceful and disaster prone areas in the world. For the geographical reason this country is vulnerable to different natural hazards like Cyclone, Tornado, Flood etc. With rapid and unplanned urbanization urban hazards like, Building Collapse , Fire , blasts of industrial boilers and other Industrial accidents has become the part of life. He also added safe water, sanitation issues, how to get sustainable emergency health care and need of good committed public sector.
CIS & A-PAD Bangladesh National Platform (NPF) in coordination with Government/local-governments, NGOs,School Teachers and civil society organizations would like to work for a better but community centered Disaster Risk Reduction mechanism. NPF will help in participatory decision making in planning, in resource sharing and implementing disaster management policies more efficiently. Md. Golam Mostofa, Executive Director, CIS, gave some overview on CIS & A-PAD activity and future feasibility along video documentary of CIS response on disaster and emergency situation. He mentioned Bangladesh is highly affected region that affect not only people life but also economy of the country. Disaster risk management is must for sustainable development of the country. Mr. Takeshi Ito, Minister, Embassy of Japan to Bangladesh mentioned Bangladesh is disaster prone area where we need different approach for disaster management and importance of 6 private sector collaboration. He also mentioned the aim of A-PAD and the importance of identifying host community in his Key Note.
Special guest remarks by Mr. Golam Faruk Prince, MP, Honourable Member of Parliament, Bangladesh, Member of Standing Committee on Ministry of Foreign Affairs told what this International Symposium Event of Disaster Risk Management (DRM) and Sustainable Emergency Health Care – Role of Community and Private Sector has shown clearly is that the international disaster management experts are prepared to work with us to strengthen our infrastructure development to protect our people better. They are at a significant stage in their development. For the last two decades they have seen increasing economic growth that has been shaped by initiative and market forces. As disaster risks in Bangladesh continue to grow, new solutions are required to help communities increase in preparedness and management. He think this is really great that Community Initiative Society along with A-PAD Bangladesh and Dhaka Community Hospital Trust, to take on the part of the Asia Pacific Alliance for Disaster Management (A-PAD) which work to develop humanitarian response capacity in disaster affected communities and hoping the symposium will cover discussion on future framework for public private partnership and Community Involvement in Sustainable Disaster Management. He assured that Parliament will support the recommendations that we have.
Panel discussion 1 guests:
1. Prof. Quazi Quamruzzaman, Chairman, CIS
2. Kensuke Onishi, Chief Executive Officer, Asia Pacific Alliance for Disaster Management (A-PAD)
3. Mr. Nobutaka Miyahara, Senior Advisor, Alliance for Disaster Management (A-PAD)
4. Henry Glorieux, UN Humanitarian Advisor, United Nations in Bangladesh
5. Mr. FirzanHashim, Country Director, A-PAD Sri Lanka
6. Mr. Dhiraj Malaker, MD-Eastern Housing Limited, Ex-Secretary Gov of Bangladesh
7. Nobuhiro Kikuchi, Program Coordinator, A-PAD MO
8. Chowdhury Mufad Ahmed- Additional Secretary (Retd) Govt of Bangladesh
9. Session was moderated by Gawher Nayeem Wahre, CIS, Bangladesh.
Panel discussion 2 guests:
1. Mr.Golam Faruk Prince, MP, Honorable Member of Parliament, Bangladesh, Member of Standing Committee on Ministry of Foreign Affairs
2. SatyaBrataSaha, Additional Secretary, DG (Secretary in Charge) of the Bangladesh KarmachariKallyan Board (BKKB). Co-chair of the HCTT.
3. Jangwoo Lee, A-PAD Korea
4. Masataka Uo, Alliance for Disaster Management (A-PAD)
5. NurulKabir – Editor, The New Age
6. Md. Sabirul Islam (Biplob), Joint Secretary, Cabinet Division, Government of Bangladesh
7. Faisal Djalal, Chairperson, Asia Pacific Alliance for Disaster Management (A-PAD)
8. Prof. Molly Louise Kile, Sc.D.College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA
9. Dr. Md Abdul Aziz- Honorable Member of Parliament, Bangladesh
10. Session Moderated by Prof.Mahmuder Rahman, DCH Trust Panel Discussion: Session-1: Public–Private Partnership for Sustainable Disaster Management Moderator: Gawher Nayeem Wahre, CIS, Bangladesh. 1. Mr. Firzan Hashim, Country Director, and A-PAD Srilanka: He was requested by Moderator, Gawher Nayeem Wahre to discuss about public-private partnership in emergency and disaster management from Sri Lanka contest. At first he thanked to all & organizer CIS then he appreciated the idea “Public –Private Partnership for Sustainable Disaster”. From Sri Lankan contest he focused on following issues- * Making equal partnership between Public & Private organization for Sustainable Disaster Management. *Bringing out the resources, manpower, ideas & techniques of all sectors in one platform for Sustainable Disaster Management. *Making disaster calendar to develop pre disaster awareness & preparedness. *Making app to get early alert system as well as to know disaster site so that we can early & easily send the rescue team for evacuation of endanger people. *Regular monitoring and identifying the high risk disaster prone area and give them early warning to minimize damage of lives & properties.
2. Mr. Henry Glorieux, UN Humanitarian Advisor, United Nation of Bangladesh: He was requested to talk about the major factors to keep private businesses motivated to proactively participate in public disaster management systems especially between disasters. He mentioned following issues- * Sharing information with all humanitarian organization and make a collaborative relationship between them.
*Sharing what kind of facilities is provided by different organization so that we can provide a complete support during disaster management without overlapping same facility.
*Promoting & highlighting the private sector in public disaster management system.
* Proper appreciation is needed to motivate private business sector for Sustainable Disaster Management.
* Promoting public-private partnership for Sustainable Disaster Management.
3. Mr. Nobutaka Miyahara, Senior Advisor, Alliance for Disaster Management (A-PAD): He was requested by Moderator, Gawher Nayeem Wahre to tell about the Promotion of Public Private Partnership in Disaster Risk Management in Japanese Contest. At first he gave a small realization and necessity of Sustainable Disaster Management. He mentioned about the biggest destructive earthquake of January, 1995 and 2nd May, 2002 in the history of Japan. Then he talked on followings- *Making emergency evacuation team to save life. *Developing an individual domestic platform to face disaster as well as Sustainable Disaster Management. *Appreciating private’s initiation and encourage them to play a vital role in disaster management. *Doing disaster awareness program during national and international recognized disaster day.
4. Mr. Dhiraj Malaker, MD Eastern housing Limited, Ex- Secretary Government of Bangladesh: He discussed on role of private sector for sustainable Disaster Management. He thanked to all & organizer CIS at first then he appreciated the idea “Public–Private Partnership for Sustainable Disaster Management”. He focused on following issues- *Proper fund distribution is necessary for disaster risk management and increasing the strength of private-public partnership. Proper institutionalized coordination is necessary for disaster management mechanism with stakeholders, NGOs and other sectors. *Only partnership sign is not sufficient. Proper participation and taking responsibility will be helpful for disaster risk reduction. *Keeping equal opportunity for public sectors to play role in disaster management.
Mr. Kensuke Onishi, Chief Executive Officer (CEO), (A-PAD): Moderator, Gawher Nayeem Wahre requested to Kensuke Onishi to discuss on Sustainable Disaster 9 Management in Asia Pacific- Experience of A-PAD. At first he thanked to all participants & give appreciation to DCHT for wonderful arrangement. He admired our medical team for outstanding support during Nepal earthquake in 2015. Then he mentioned some issues-
* Mr. Kensuke Onishi explained the importance of having alternative organization or sectors to take part in DRM. * He gave more emphasis on rescue team because sometimes it is seen that the rescue teams from private sector are faster than the government authorities.
* PPPs should be long-term contracts between a private party and a government entity, for providing a public asset or service, in which the private party bears significant risk and management responsibility. *Providing a service or building an asset, a public entity can either use a traditional mode of public procurement or enter into a PPP for Sustainable Disaster Management.
*PPPs can improve the sustainability of public services by reducing the overall costs and the variability of the cost of that service to government.
6. Mr. Chowdhury Mufad Ahmed, Additional Secretary (Retired), Govt. Of Bangladesh: He was requested to discuss on Public–Private Partnerships for the Development of Disaster Resilient Communities. He mentioned about- * Community development should be first priority in public-private partnership for sustainable disaster management. *Private sector should look forward to facing disaster management and improvement of human lives and properties after disaster rather than making profit. *Only government facilities are not sufficient to face disaster. So private initiation is necessary to overcome the situation. * Raising awareness to face disaster in disaster prone area and participation of local private sector should be appreciable for disaster risk management.
7. Mr. Nobuhiro Kikuchi, Program Coordinator, and A-PAD MO: He was requested by Gawher Nayeem Wahre to tell about the gaps and required Improvement of Sustainable Disaster Management. He discussed on following issues- * Proper dissemination of activities done by CIS & DCHT is necessary to make an example of strength of partnership so that other organization can be encouraged through it. This dissemination will be helpful for the improvement of sustainable disaster management.
* Regulatory framework and the procurement & contract management capacity with the aim of making strong private-public partnership for sustainable disaster management.
Prof. Quazi Quamruzzaman, Chairman, CIS: Moderator, Gawher Nayeem Wahre requested to Prof. Quazi Quamruzzaman to discuss about future planning of CIS to enhance better Public-Private Partnerships for Disaster Risk Management. At first he thanked the all respected guests and participants. He mentioned following issues- *He admired DCHT for outstanding support in Nepal, Iran & Pakistan earthquake. * He also gives emphasis on military people involvement to face disaster and get early recovery from post disaster condition. *Proper implementation and monitoring of government formulated public- private partnership policy.
*New technological developments may make existing PPP projects irrelevant in a way that could not be determined in the past which will be beneficial for sustainable disaster management.
* The private sectors can play a vital role in disaster risk management along with government leaving the hope of profit.